In the last decades, the general interest for the carbon nanostructures (CNS) have constantly increased also considering that this materials family has grown also after the discovery of fullerene and nanotubes.
For example, various methodologies for filling the nanotubes allowed the preparation of nanocapsules conjugating the characteristics of the hosting and the guest materials. Moreover graphene quantum dots have been recently studied and proposed as new platforms of biological interest, especially thanks to their solubility and to their intrinsic fluorescence. This characteristic belongs also to some carbon nanodiamonds, another nanomaterial that has been recently re-discovered.
In this contribution, we will explore some of the new carbon nanoforms and we will discuss their chemistry and their biological applications.