FisMat2017 - Submission - View

Abstract's title: Lindblad dynamics of a quantum spherical spin
Submitting author: Sascha Wald
Affiliation: SISSA – International School for Advanced Studies
Affiliation Address: via Bonomea 265 34136 Trieste
Country: Italy
Oral presentation/Poster (Author's request): Poster
Other authors and affiliations: Malte Henkel (Statistical Physics Group, University of Lorraine)
Abstract

The coherent quantum dynamics of a single bosonic spin variable, subject to a constraint derived from the quantum spherical model of a ferromagnet, and coupled to an external heat bath, is studied through the Lindblad equation for the reduced density matrix. Closed systems of equations of motion for several quantum observables are derived and solved exactly. The relationship to the single-mode Dicke model from quantum optics is discussed. The analysis of the interplay of the quantum fluctuation and the dissipation and their influence on the relaxation of the time-dependent magnetisation leads to the distinction of qualitatively different regimes of weak and strong quantum couplings. Considering the model’s behaviour in an external field as a simple mean-field approximation of the dynamics of a quantum spherical ferromagnet, the magnetic phase diagram appears to be re-entrant and presents a quantum analogue of well-established classical examples of fluctuation-induced order.