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Abstract's title: Electronic and structural properties of K doped PTCDA monolayer on Ag(111)
Submitting author: Anu Baby
Affiliation: University of Milano-Bicocca
Affiliation Address: Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Materials Science, University of Milano-Bicocca, U5, Via R. Cozzi 55, 20125 Milano, Italy.
Country: Italy
Oral presentation/Poster (Author's request): Oral presentation
Other authors and affiliations: Marco Gruenewald (Institute of Solid State Physics, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Helmholtzweg 5, 07743 Jena, Germany), Christian Zwick (Institute of Solid State Physics, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Helmholtzweg 5, 07743 Jena, Germany), Roman Forker (Institute of Solid State Physics, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Helmholtzweg 5, 07743 Jena, Germany), Benjamin Stadtmüller (Department of Physics and Research Center OPTIMAS, University of Kaiserslautern, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany; Graduate School of Excellence Materials Science in Mainz, Erwin-Schrödinger-Straβe 46, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany), Christian Kumpf (Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany), Gian-Paolo Brivio (Department of Materials Science, University of Milano-Bicocca, Via R. Cozzi 55, 20125 Milano, Italy), Guido Fratesi (Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano, Italy; Department of Materials Science, University of Milano-Bicocca, Via R. Cozzi 55, 20125 Milano, Italy), Torsten Fritz (Institute of Solid State Physics, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Helmholtzweg 5, 07743 Jena, Germany), Egbert Zojer (Institute of Solid State Physics, NAWI Graz, Graz University of Technology, Petersgasse 16, 8010 Graz, Austria)
Abstract

Alkali metal doped organic semiconductors have been used in numerous interesting applications ranging from superconductivity [1, 2] to hydrogen storage [3]. We hereby investigate the K doping of well-ordered herringbone PTCDA monolayer on Ag(111) by means of theoretical techniques and the results are compared with those of the experiments to identify the structural evolution upon doping and the modified molecule-substrate interaction [4]. The calculations are done with density functional theory (DFT) methods, using pseudopotentials, plane waves, Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE) functional and the van der Waals interactions were included as described by the vdWsurf method on the VASP and Quantum Espresso platforms. The experimental methods employed are: low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (LT-STM), scanning tunneling hydrogen microscopy (STHM) [5], low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), differential reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) [6] and X-ray standing wave (XSW). Tersoff-Hamann approach was employed to simulate the ST[H]M images and the absorption spectra were computed within the Independent Particle - Random Phase Approximation (IP-RPA) using Yambo [7]. Two highly ordered and stable doping stages are obtained even without annealing named K2PTCDA and K4PTCDA as per their stoichiometry. The K atoms adsorb in the vicinity of the oxygen atoms of PTCDA in both cases as clearly seen in the STHM images. K interacts and decouples the oxygen atoms from the Ag surface. This changes the adsorption structure from that of the undoped PTCDA on Ag(111) as now the molecular backbone is bend into a small U-shape with the perylene ring closer to the Ag surface than the oxygen atoms. K is oxidized loosing its electrons to PTCDA and Ag thereby reducing the surface work function. Density of states show the LUMO which was at the Fermi level in the case of PTCDA/Ag(111) getting filled and shifting continuously to higher binding energies with K doping. As for the absorption spectra, we observe narrowing and increasing intensity on the higher energy side of the spectrum with increasing doping levels.

 

 

References

 

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